Down syndrome, or trisomy 21, is a genetic swage that for a long time has ailed the lives of umpteen people crossship canal the world, and across time. The first to diagnose this condition was the British doctor, put-on Langdon Down, in 1866, and hence the name. The latter name was coined by Dr. Lejuene in the 20th century. Down syndrome is caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21. It is a rather rare condition among the world population; it affects i out of close to one thousand births annually. The conditions that come with Down syndrome are mostly homogeneous, they rarely differ. These conditions include: almond-shaped eyes, enlarge tongue, small neck, and moderately belittled IQ levels, among many different conditions. Although the effects of this condition are irreversible, there are many treatments available today.
As mentioned before, this condition affects a small element of the American population. It gets to one of circa 1000 births. There seems to be no relationship among ethnicities and the number of occurrences. High or low social layeres do not serve as a breeding ground for this disease, since both wealthy and middle class children deal with this condition.
However, there is a positive correlation between soaring maternal age and probabilities of giving birth with a child with Down syndrome. Recent studies have shown that pregnant women all over 35 have higher chances of giving birth to children with the said(prenominal) conditions. Thankfully, nowadays there are a variety of ways to find out if a child will be born with Down syndrome before he/she is actually born. Tests want Amniocentesis or Chronic Villus Sampling have high effectiveness rates, and thus recommendable ways to conduct tests. With that idea in mind, future parents of children with Down syndrome can begin planning on how they are to enhance the quality of living for these children. Most of these plans pick up some type of treatment that can improve their cognitive development and...If you want to get a full essay, monastic order it on our website: Orderessay
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