Darwin and the Theory of Evolution Darwins conjecture of phylogenesis is ground on three observations: First, individuals within a species vary from bingle another(prenominal) in morphology, physiology, and behavior. Second, variation is in some part inheriting so that variant forms have offspring that resemble them. Third, contrastive variants leave different number of offspring. Darwin elaborates on the mechanism of maturation by suggesting that in the struggle for existence, nature selects those individuals who argon top suited for the struggle, and these individuals in turn reproduce more than those who are less fit, therefore changing the composition of the population. Darwin also suggests, in addition to natural selection, that species evolve through the process of lettered selection. In versed selection, one gender of a species develops a preference for individuals of the other gender who induce certain features. The individuals who give these features will the have a reproductive advantage over others, resulting in a greater number of offspring, causing unless another change in the composition of the population. Darwin made the conjecture of evolution feasible by providing the mechanisms of natural selection and sexual selection. His observations led him to believe that species did adapt to their changing surroundings.
As a result, he was led to defend a theory go the probability of common descent for all living creatures. In The Origin of Species, Darwin analyzes the various issues regarding the theory of evolution through inherit variation, the struggle for existence, natural selection, laws of variation, instinct, hybridism, the ge ological record, extinction, and geographica! l distribution. The more he observed, the more evidence he found; the Earth mustiness have slowly and gradually changed over cadence, giving plants and animals eon to adapt to the changes. Variations within a species are indistinguishable at first, but gradually may have beneficial modifications mutation meat or...If you want to get a full essay, indian lodge it on our website: OrderEssay.net
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