The notion of organisational culture has been discussed in great detail in management literature and despite considerable enthusiasm, has proved to be an elusive topic to define, yet al unrivalled apply. The interest in organisational culture arose principally in an attempt to understand its opposition on organisational change and its utility as a concept must be judged in terms of the positive outcomes (if any) from managerial attempts to influence and modify and organisations culture.
Culture - an allusive construct
Anthropologists would recognise that humans argon friendly animals and form communities to achieve common aims, through cooperation and rough-cut obligations. Hence, Miller & Weitz identify culture as understandings close to life experiences sh bed by members of a human brotherly pigeonholing (1979:345).
Ogbonna (in Billsberry ed., 1999:113) provides a definition of culture as the interweaving of the case-by-case into a community and the collective programming of the mind that distinguishes members of one known group from another. This is supported by Schein (1992, in Mabey et al., 1996:465) who views culture as a patter of shared rudimentary assumptions, invented, discovered or developed by a wedded group, as it learns to cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration. hold (1994, in Fulop & Linstead 1999) adds that culture is a collection of strategies for traffic with problems so that living becomes easier.
These definitions emphases an interactive group consciousness as represented in cognitive schema theory, where the schemas, scripts and maps shared by the group are basically charts of the content of the group consciousness and the processes leading to the group consciousness (Gustavsson, 1997). Schemas are constructed through experiences, starting as a simple network and developing into more complex social structures that might be observed in the values, norms, beliefs and customs that an various(prenominal) holds in common with members...If you want to get a all-embracing essay, order it on our website: Orderessay
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